ABOUT NEW ZEALAND'S COASTAL POLICY
The coastline of New Zealand is the 9th longest in the world as it spans at about 15000 kilometres (9,300 mi).
The two main Islands bordering the northern and far southern points of the coastline include the slope point and the surville cliffs. The Pacific Ocean and the Tasman are the main borders of the coastline. In recent years, there have been combative activities due to increasing Coastal Development which include marine farms and buildings, hence the need for the Coastal Policy.
Policy 1. Extent and characteristics of the coastal environment
- Recognising that issues may arise due to the characteristics and expansion of the coastal environment as it varies from locality and locality and region to region.
- Admitting that the coastal marine area, islands around the coastal marine area, areas facing the risk of coastal hazards, physical and built resources, etc are all part of the coastal environment.
Policy 2. The treaty of Waitangi, Tangata Whenua & Maori
- Recognising the cultural and enduring traditional relationships Tangata Whenua has built over time with the other areas of the coastal environment.
Policy 3. Precautionary Approach
- Endorsement of a precautionary approach geared towards planned activities whose effects on the coastal environment might be miscellaneous, unknown and uncertain but can cause unavoidable consequences.
Policy 4. Integration
- Activity and management control within the coastal environment which is aimed at going beyond administrative boundaries which include - integration of the iwi, rohe and hapu boundaries crossing the local authority boundaries and integrating the local authority boundary that lies between the land and the coastal marine area.
Policy 5. Waters or lands held or managed under other acts
- To consider the effects of the Act on lands and waters within the coastal environment which is recognised in the Conservation Act of 1987 and other Acts concerning protection and conservation